This section deals with the main issues arising from boundary disputes. It considers how boundaries are defined and how they can be identified, explains the role of plans in both conveyances and at the Land Registry and gives detailed practical advice on measuring boundaries, drafting an expert's report and appearing in court. It also provides a point of reference for definitions of terms used in deeds, the principles of adverse possession and proprietary estoppel, and the methods of resolving boundary disputes. The causes of a dispute often involve one or more of the following: hedges, party walls, boundary lines, planning permission, or a change in ownership.
RICS standards and guidance: Boundaries: procedures for boundary identification, demarcation and dispute resolution in England & Wales
RICS standards and guidance: Guidelines for the use of GNSS in land surveying and mapping
RICS standards and guidance: Surveyors acting as expert witnesses