‘Hard’ and ‘soft’ infrastructure

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‘Infrastructure’ refers to important facilities and systems that can broadly be broken down into two main categories: ‘hard’ infrastructure and ‘soft’ infrastructure. Hard infrastructure Examples of hard infrastructure include: transportation infrastructure: road and highway networks, including structures (e.g. bridges and tunnels), signage, street lighting and traffic lights railways, including structures, stations, level crossings, signalling and communications systems airports...

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