Environmental impact assessment
An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process used to anticipate the environmental consequences of a development before planning permission is granted. This type of assessment is required for certain projects defined under EU regulations.
The process involves determining whether an EIA is required for the project (screening) and deciding which issues should be assessed (scoping), before completing the assessment process. EIAs can be carried out by specialist consultants on behalf of the applicant. The results are presented in an environmental statement (ES) which should be used by the 'competent authority', such as a local planning authority (LPA) in granting planning permission.
RICS standards and guidance: Environmental Impact Assessment