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Ecological considerations

Ecological considerations

Our natural environment is biologically diverse and important for its range of species and habitats. England, for example, is particularly rich in veteran trees, ancient woodland and parklands, and is home to 20% of all lowland heath in Europe.

The natural environment has intrinsic value, but it is also vital for the ecosystem services it provides. This include obvious services such as flood defense, clean water and carbon sequestration, but also the less tangible and equally important cultural, aesthetic, health and well-being benefits.

Wildlife and habitats in the UK are protected to an extent by legislation. The professional ecologist should therefore be consulted wherever activities may result in an offence being committed. Breaking the law can lead to fines of up to £5,000 or even a potential prison sentence, so it is vital to consider any potential issues carefully.

This section is maintained by John Newton of The Ecology Consultancy.