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Environmental Impact Assessment

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a statutory tool for assessing the environmental impacts of development projects, and identifying measures that can be taken to reduce these impacts. EIA has been established in the UK since 1988, and has been made a statutory requirement for certain projects by the implementation of two key European Directives (Directive 85/337 The assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment and the subsequent Directive 97/11). This guidance note provides an overview of the EIA process and considers the potential role of RICS members. Chartered Surveyors should be conscious of the EIA process, either as an integrated part of the planning/permitting process or as a separate procedure, and of the detailed differences for example in the nature and scale of proposals subject to EIA.